Why Nutritions Are Important For Our Health
Nutritions in food is required to stay alive. Proper nutritious diet is vital for your body to function well and keep you healthy. Balanced nutritions in your diet is essential for your health and helps prevent or reduce disease condition. Acute diseases can cause due to Poor diet/malnutrition, food intolerance and allergies. These can be easily prevented with the right nutritions.
Benefits of Good Nutritions
Aside from helping to maintain a healthy weight, good nutritions provides several other benefits, including;
- Increased energy level, and improvement in general well-being.
- Reduction in high blood pressures and cholesterol.
- Prevention of diseases such as diabetes, heart disease, stroke, osteoporosis and
- Improvement in the ability of the body to protect and fight illness (increased immunity)
The Major Types of Nutritions
Nutrients are components of food that serve as sources of nourishment for your body. To stay healthy, body require several major types of nutrients. Main types of Nutritions are macronutritions and micronutritions. Although not all of these Nutritions provide energy to the body, they are all required in the right combination for you to stay healthy.
Energy macroNutritions include carbohydrate, protein, and fats. Carbohydrates include monosaccharides such as glucose, disaccharides. Polysaccharides include such as starch. Polysaccharides are nutritionally much better then monosaccharide as they take longer to break and absorb into the bloodstream. Amino acids is a major source of producing proteins. Some proteins are essential to the body while others are non-essential, as body can produce them itself. Triglycerides produce fats and serve many functions in the body. They help in hormone production, lubrication of joints, absorption of vitamins, etc.
MacroNutritions that don’t provide energy include fiber and water. Mostly carbohydrates produces fiber but the body do not absorb fiber. Fibre produces and helps in growth of important gut bacteria. Water is vital for the many processes in the human body, it needs at least 1-7 liters to avoid dehydration.
MicroNutritions are chemical elements needed by the body in minute quantity to stay healthy. iIt also include Minerals and Vitamins. Balanced diets include Minerals, but sometimes we add them directly into food to make up for their absence. They help in co-regulating ATP, producing stomach acid, transporting molecules between cells, proper functioning of nerves, synthesis of the blood cells, and more. Example of minerals needed by the body includes potassium, chlorides, sodium, phosphorus, magnesium, zinc, iron, manganese, copper, iodine, selenium, and molybdenum. Deficiencies in minerals can cause health problems such as nervous system, heart problems, cells malfunctioning, muscle and abdominal cramps, spasm and deep tendon reflexes, impaired reproductive function and immune deficiency.
Body cannot synthesized Vitamins available in fruits and vegetables. There are two types of vitamins; water-soluble and fat-soluble vitamins. There are four fat-soluble vitamins (Vitamin A, D, E, and K), and nine water-soluble vitamins (Vitamin C and eight B-vitamins). Body cannot store vitamins efficiently as they quickly eliminate in urine, We should consume water-soluble vitamins more regularly. On the other hand, intestine absorbs fat-soluble vitamins with the help of lipids, They are harder to get rid. Deficiency in vitamins can lead to health problems such as night blindness, beriberi, pellagra, paresthesia, anemia, dermatitis, congenital disabilities, scurvy, and rickets.